Working families with income above the Federal Poverty Level, but not high enough to afford basic household necessities.

Families are diligently striving to make ends meet while grappling with financial challenges throughout Chester County. Recent findings from the ALICE® project, a comprehensive statewide initiative led by the United Way of Pennsylvania and supported by United Ways across the state, reveal that approximately 61,803 households in Chester County, accounting for 30% of the population, are facing difficulties in affording essential necessities.

While United Ways have always known ALICE (an acronym for Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed), and have in fact been serving the ALICE population for decades, there was never a good measure to quantify just how many Pennsylvania households were struggling to make ends meet for their most basic needs. United Ways wanted to give this population a voice which is backed by data, to help us all understand the hardships ALICE is facing.

With the cost of living higher than what most people earn, ALICE households live in every county in Pennsylvania and they include women and men, young and old, of all races and ethnicities.


Although Chester County is the wealthiest county in Pennsylvania, there is still a poverty rate of 6%. The real need in our community becomes clearer when we consider there is an additional 24% rate of ALICE households. Coupled with those under the poverty line, more than 1 in 4 Chester County residents are unable to make ends meet. The biggest impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has been on the ALICE population.

Public assistance programs were temporarily expanded in 2021, but not enough to bring most households below the ALICE threshold to financial stability. In Pennsylvania, a family of four with two parents working full time in two of the most common occupations (retail salesperson and cashier) could not afford the Household Survival Budget in 2021, even with the expanded Child Tax Credit, the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit, and the Economic Impact Payments.

With pandemic assistance waning while significant challenges remain, there are warning signs that the economic situation for households below the ALICE threshold has worsened since 2021, including sustained high levels of food insufficiency, continued difficulty paying bills, medical debt and feelings of anxiety and depression.


United Way of Chester County is always working to help ALICE through our Community Impact & Innovation Fund and special initiative work:

Mobile Home Tax Reassessment

Mobile homes are the only form of property that require periodic assessment appeals to maintain equitable agreement to actual value. We have partnered with Legal Aid of Southeastern Pennsylvania to assist clients throughout the entire process. Our goal is to assist all mobile home owners in Chester County who may be in a similar situation. To learn more, click here.

Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) Program

We have expanded our partnership with Life Transforming Ministries (LTM) to help spread the reach of their VITA program. This program offers free tax preparation help to low and moderate-income households and also draws attention to the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), a federal credit that ranges from $503 to $6,242 depending upon household income and size.

United Way Financial Stability Center

Through our service navigators and coaches, we provide extensive support and resources, professional guidance, confidential counseling and a set of services to help you clarify and achieve your financial goals. To learn more, click here.